Unit 3

IV.Van térképe? Van térképed?

Van testvéred?
Van mobiltelefonod? Van mobilod?
Van email címed?
Van térképed?

Do you have a brother or sister? (informal)
Do you have a cell phone? (informal)
Do you have an email address? (informal)
Do you have a map? (informal)

Van testvére?
Van mobiltelefonja? Van mobilja?
Van email címe?
Van térképe?

Do you have a brother or sister? (formal)
Do you have a cell phone? (formal)
Do you have an email address? (formal)
Do you have a map? (formal)

Igen van.
Nincs.

Yes, I do.
No, I don't.

Hány testvéred van?
Hány mobilod van?
Hány email címed van?

How many brothers or sister do you have? (informal)
How many cell phones do you have? (informal)
How many email addresses do you have? (informal)

Hány testvére van?
Hány mobiltelefonja van?
Hány email címe van?

How many brothers or sister do you have? (formal)
How many cell phones do you have? (formal)
How many email addresses do you have? (formal)

Expressing possession

Hungarian language does not have a verb "to have." If we want to express that somebody has something (possession), we use the verb "to be" and put the possessed object into the possessive case in the appropriate person (e.g. "my sister"). That is, to say "I have a cell phone," you will say "Van mobiltelefonom," where "van" means "is" and "mobiltelefonom" means "my cell phone." That is, you begin with the verb in the third person (numbers agree with the numbers of the possessed object-singular if the possessed object is singular and plural if the possessed object is plural) and then you put the possessed object in the proper possessive case (depending on who owns the object).

The word order in these sentences depends on what is emphasized.

Statements: If you want to make a simple statement that you have something, you begin the sentence with the verb and follow it with the possessed object. E.g. "Van mobiltelefonom." = "I have a cell phone."  If you want to emphasize a quality of the possessed object too (expressing that somebody has a certain number or a certain kind of possession) you begin with the possessed object qualified by the adjective and then follow with the verb. E.g. "Három mobiltelefonom van" = "I have three cell phones."

Questions: If the question merely refers to the fact of possession (whether somebody possesses something or not) you begin the question with the verb. E.g. "Van mobiltelefonod?" = "Do you have a cell phone?" If the question is about the possessed object, you begin the question with a question word. E.g. "Hány mobiltelefonod van?" = "How many cell phones do you have?"

Articles: When we ask a general question about possession, whether somebody has something (one or more of that item), in Hungarian we use the item in the singular and we do not use any articles. Thus the question "Do you have any sisters or brothers?" will be translated as "Van testvéred?" where "van" means "is" (singular verb), "testvéred" means "your sibling" (in the singular) and there is no article before that. Similarly, if you want to say that you have something without specifying how many of those items you have (that is, merely stating the fact of possession), you begin the sentence with the verb and follow with the object possessed (in the possessive case) without any article preceding it. E.g.: Van testvérem. When you mention how many siblings you have or that you have "a sibling" (one sibling), you simply put the number or the indefinite article before the noun, e.g. "Van három testvérem" or "Van egy testvérem." However, oftentimes when we say the number of the possessed item, we put the emphasis on the number. Thus the word order might change and the number may go right in front of the verb: "Három testvérem van."

Practice

1.      Listen to the dialogues. What are the following dialogues about (what is the "possession" the speakers talk about)?

Dialogue 1. Check your answer here.
Dialogue 2. Check your answer here.
Dialogue 3. Check your answer here.
Dialogue 4. Check your answer here.

2.      Listen to the dialogues. How many of the items in question does the person possess?

Dialogue 1. Check your answer here.
Dialogue 2. Check your answer here.
Dialogue 3. Check your answer here.
Dialogue 4. Check your answer here.