Unit 4

II.  Numbers

In Hungarian when you want to say "bus # 9" or "room 10" you need to add a short ending (suffix) after the number. To say # 9 you will need to add "es" after the word nine ("kilenc"), thus you will say "kilences" and the number will precede the noun. Depending on the vowel the endings are the following: "ös" (after syllables with a rounded vowel "ö" or "ü"), "es" (after other front vowel numbers), and "as" or "os" (after back vowel numbers). Since there are only a handful of numbers which you will need to memorize (the pattern is repeated from 11), the best is to go ahead and learn them:

1-es egyes
2-es kettes
3-as hármas
4-es négyes
5-ös ötös
6-os hatos
7-es hetes
8-as nyolcas
9-es kilences
10-es tizes

11-es tizenegyes
12-es tizenkettes
13-as tizenhármas


20-as huszas
30-as harmincas
40-es negyvenes
50-es ötvenes
60-as hatvanas

70-es hetvenes
80-as nyolcvanas
90-es kilencvenes
100-as százas
1000-es ezres (Note: an "e" falls out from "ezer" as you add "es")

 

 

 

Where to use this form?

We use this form to indicate room number ("hármas szoba") and bus number ("11-es [tizenegyes] busz") for example. We also use the numbers "1-es," "2-es," "3-as," "4-es" and "5-ös" for grades at school, where the best grade is 5 ("5-ös") and the worst is 1 ("1-es"). You can also use the number "ezres" to indicate the HUF 1000 bill.

Practice:

  1. Click here to practice recognizing these numbers in writing (coming soon) .
  2. Click here for listening practice of these numbers (coming soon) .